Tuesday, April 24, 2007

ANZAC DAY



They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old;

Age shall not weary them,

nor the years condemn.

At the going down of the sun and in the morning

We will remember them.


LEST WE FORGET



A Tribute to the mothers of the fallen from Turkish Ruler "Ataturk" in 1934


Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives... You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side now here in this country of ours... you, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land. They have become our sons as well.


(Turkey became a republic in 1923 and Ataturk became the first president. Ataturk (then Kemal) commanded the Turkish defences against the ANZACS)



ANZAC Day - 25 April



This day-is probably Australia's most important national occasion. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War. ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The soldiers in those forces quickly became known as ANZACs, and the pride they soon took in that name endures to this day.


Why is this day so special to Australians?
When war broke out in 1914 Australia had been a federal commonwealth for only fourteen years. The new national government was eager to establish its reputation among the nations of the world. In 1915 Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of the allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula to open the way to the Black Sea for the allied navies. The plan was to capture Constantinople (now Istanbul), capital of the Ottoman Empire and an ally of Germany. They landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Turkish defenders. What had been planned as a bold stroke to knock Turkey out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915 the allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. Over 8,000 Australian soldiers were killed. News of the landing at Gallipoli made a profound impact on Australians at home and 25 April quickly became the day on which Australians remembered the sacrifice of those who had died in war.


Though the Gallipoli campaign failed in its military objectives of capturing Constantinople and knocking Turkey out of the war, the Australian and New Zealand troops' actions during the campaign bequeathed an intangible but powerful legacy. The creation of what became known as an "Anzac legend" became an important part of the national identity of both nations. This shaped the ways they viewed both their past and their future.



3 comments:

Achmad Sudarsono said...

Ah, Australia. In 90 years, they've removed their tongue from the rectum of one superpower - Great Britain - and stuck it in that of another - the United States. And they're even back in the Middle East, fighting someone else's war on someone else's soil for unclear reasons. Just what were the 'Diggers' fighting for in Gallipolli anyway ? Oh that's right - what Iraq and the Gallipolli campaign had in common: the chance to take random potshots at Muslims defending their country against invaders. At least in Iraq they're smart enough to do it with superior firepower. Gallipolli was just a cock-up. (Interesting what happens to Aussie soldiers on a level playing field). Happy Anzac Day, Oigal.

oigal said...

ASSMAT,

I leave your comment here, so others can see what a truely slimy piece of humanity you are. As in all things your ingnorance of history, context and honour is absymal.

Still, it must be difficult waking up every morning knowing the greatest thing you will ever achieve is to prove that sperm should not be mixed during the reproductive process.

oigal said...

Had some bad luck lately...laugh